Infectious Disease Prevention

Welcome to the Brookfield Board of Health's resource page on infectious disease prevention. Infectious diseases can spread from person to person, through contact with animals, by consuming contaminated food or water, or from exposure to the environment. Here, we provide information on how to protect yourself and your community from the spread of infectious diseases.

Hand Hygiene

Proper hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infections. Follow these steps for proper handwashing:

  1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the "Happy Birthday" song from beginning to end twice.
  4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.

Safe Food Handling

Foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following these safe food handling practices:

  • Clean: Wash your hands, utensils, and surfaces often.
  • Separate: Keep raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs separate from other foods.
  • Cook: Cook foods to the right temperature to kill harmful bacteria.
  • Chill: Refrigerate food promptly to slow the growth of harmful bacteria.


Vaccines are an important tool in preventing infectious diseases. Stay up-to-date with recommended vaccines for diseases such as influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis, and COVID-19. Consult with your healthcare provider for personalized vaccination advice.

Local Resources for Disease Outbreaks

In the event of a local disease outbreak, the Brookfield Board of Health will provide updates and guidance on how to protect yourself and your community. Stay informed by visiting our website and following us on social media.

For more information on infectious disease prevention, visit the following resources:

Remember, by practicing good hygiene, staying informed, and following public health guidelines, we can all play a part in preventing the spread of infectious diseases.

Correct Washing Hands